Located in the north of Nepal, the Mustang region is renowned for its rich cultural heritage and its isolation. It is also known as the Kingdom of Lho. It is located in Gandaki Province and has a northern border with Tibet (China). Mustang is a dry and arid region since it lies in the rain shadow of the Himalayas. The terrain consists primarily of rocky mountains, deep valleys, and flat, arid plains. Its distinctive rock formations and weathered cliffs have made it famous. The history of the Mustang region is deep and extensive. In the past, it was a sovereign nation and a major hub for trade between Tibet and India. Tibetans make up the vast majority of the region's population, and Tibetan Buddhism permeates every aspect of their daily lives.
Lo Manthang, the capital city of Mustang, is a fortified settlement that lies in an elevation of 3,840 meters (12,600 feet). Both the Thubchen Gompa and the Jampa Gompa are among the most well-known of Lo Manthang's old monastries. Due to its remoteness and largely untouched Tibetan culture, the Mustang region has been referred to as a "hidden gem" of Nepal. Travelers interested in discovering the Himalayas and learning about the Tibetan Buddhism will highly appreciate this off-the-beaten-path.